If it’s your first time buying a house, it’s important to note that alongside saving for a mortgage deposit, there are quite a few fees, charges and costs to consider that you’ll have to factor into your financial planning. We’ll go through them all the first-time buyer costs to consider in our checklist so you can avoid any unpleasant surprises when you're getting ready to buy your first home.
Our video for first-time buyers is a great watch, containing information on the various costs associated with buying a property. You can also check out our house buying guide. Some costs must be paid before you complete the purchase, whereas others are paid once you’ve moved in.
How Much Does It Cost to Move Home?
Today, the cost of buying a property alone – not including the moving costs - is an average of £3,000 - £3,500 and includes charges such as Stamp Duty, valuation, house surveys and conveyancing. We’ll look at all the fees and costs you need to consider as a first-time buyer below.
Some mortgage lenders will ask you to pay an application fee at the start of the application. They typically cost around £99 but it could be a little more. Some lenders don’t charge a booking fee. This payment is non-refundable, even if you don’t end up with an approved mortgage with the lender.
Arrangement fees are often charged by lenders. Historically, they covered the lender’s administration costs but, over time, they’ve become a significant additional cost. While the average fee is from £999, you could pay up to £2,000. Some arrangement fees are calculated as a percentage of the loan and could be a sizeable amount if you’re taking out a large mortgage.
When shopping for mortgages, it’s important to assess the arrangement fee alongside the interest rate. Some lenders may offer lower interest rates to tempt buyers but also include comparatively higher fees in the small print. If it’s a larger loan you’re after, this may still make sense.
You’re typically given the option of paying the fee upfront or rolling it into the mortgage. Be aware that if you choose the second option, although you must find less money in addition to your deposit, ultimately you’ll be paying interest on it. On the other hand, if you pay the fee upfront, you’re at risk of losing the fee if the purchase doesn’t go through.
One tip to resolve this conundrum, ensuring that you don’t lose the deal, but also don’t pay any interest on it, is to add the fee to the mortgage and overpay your mortgage immediately. Lenders typically allow overpayments of up to 10% of the mortgage balance each year. It’s important to check overpayment rules with your selected lender before you go ahead with this strategy.
Banks and building societies offering mortgages need to conduct an independent valuation of the property you’re intending to buy. This ensures the offer price is in line with its market value. They do this as part of a risk assessment of the application to ensure that in the case that you can no longer cover the monthly payments, they can take possession of the property, sell it and not lose money.
Some lenders offer clients a free valuation – often this is a desktop valuation rather than an in-person on. A normal, in-person valuation can cost around £300 on properties worth below £500,000. You pay the valuation fee during the mortgage application process, along with the mortgage booking fee and the arrangement fee. The valuation fee is non-refundable regardless of whether you complete.
There’s a slightly different system in Scotland, where the seller needs to pay for a Home Report which will include a valuation. If the report was finalised within the previous 3 months, it may still be used in place of a fresh valuation. Otherwise, you can ask the seller to commission a new report. You should check with your lender whether they accept reports from the valuation company the seller used.
While a valuation is for the lender’s benefit to ensure the property is appropriately valued, a home survey is for the buyer’s benefit and is a much more thorough assessment of the property. While surveys commissioned by the buyer are not mandatory, they do help you avoid costly and unanticipated surprises such as the house needing rewiring or floor joists needing replacing.
As well as giving you peace of mind, buyers often use surveys to renegotiate the seller’s offer price. It’s up to you to find a surveyor, but you can also ask your lender how much it would cost to upgrade their valuation survey into a house survey and compare it with third party firms. One advantage of commissioning the survey independently of the lender is that you can leave it to the end of the application process just in case the transaction falls through.
If you’ve used a mortgage broker to guide you in finding a mortgage, you may have to pay them a fee. Some will have a fixed fee and some will charge a small percentage of the loan value. Before booking a mortgage broker, ask them in advance what their fee structure is, whether there will be a fee involved and when you need to pay.
At John Charcol, our advisers will explain our fees upfront. We charge a fixed fee for first-time buyers and don’t require payment until a mortgage offer is received. This fee covers everything from securing your Decision in Principle, to submission and supporting you through every step until completion. We liaise with lenders and solicitors on your behalf in order to make your journey as easy as possible.
Stamp Duty – officially known as Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) - is a tax payable if you purchase property or land in England or Northern Ireland above a certain price – currently £125,000. In Scotland, Stamp Duty is known as “land and buildings transaction tax”. Meanwhile, it's known as “land transaction tax” in Wales.
If you’re a first-time buyer, you don’t pay Stamp Duty for properties valued up to £300,000. If the property you want costs more than that, you’ll pay 5% on the portion between £300,001 and £500,000. If the property is worth more than £500,000, there’s no Stamp Duty exemption. Being classified as a first-time buyer can make a significant difference to your costs when buying a home.
You pay Stamp Duty to the HMRC via your solicitor/conveyancer on completion of the property purchase. You can calculate how much you’ll owe using our Stamp Duty calculator.
Legal fees cover everything you pay to a solicitor to handle all the unavoidable paperwork, such as checking planning permission and addressing any environmental concerns. The general term for legal work concerning property transactions is known as conveyancing, although this is often more narrowly defined as legal support for the transfer of ownership of a property.
Solicitors usually charge you as a percentage of the mortgage value. If you’re the buyer, legal fees will also include Stamp Duty and search fees. Mortgage lenders often offer to contribute to your conveyancing fees or even pay them in full, but this tends to be when you use one of their pre-approved solicitors. Other lenders sometimes offer you a cashback on legal fees once you’ve completed.
The average cost of solicitors' fees for first-time buyers can be anywhere between £800 and £1,500 but depend on the mortgage amount. You should expect to be invoiced throughout the process and on completion.
Removal and Moving Costs
Depending on how much furniture and other belongings you have and how far away you’re moving, you can expect to pay around £1,000 - £1,500 to move home as a first-time buyer or previous homeowner. This includes hiring a removal van as well as paying for postal redirection. You’ll pay more if you’re booking a full removal service, which involves packing and unpacking your belongings.
John Charcol offer a Concierge Service through our partnership with Just Move In. We can help you arrange removals, storage and the setting up of your bills. Ask you adviser to find out more.
Once you have completed, you start paying your monthly mortgage payments to pay off the loan. All mortgages include an annual percentage rate – an APR – which is the interest you pay on top of the loan across the term of the mortgage. The first payment is likely to be higher than your ongoing payments as you will be paying for the month the mortgage started as well as the following month.
If the property you’ve bought is leasehold and you don’t own the land, you’ll likely have to pay a service charge for the upkeep of the property and – if you’ve bought a flat - shared areas such as the drive and garden. You’ll also have to pay ground rent to whoever owns the freehold.
The same applies if you’ve also bought the freehold or shared it with neighbours: you’ll still have to build into your budget maintenance costs for shared areas, such as contributing to fixing the drains or the roof.
If you’re currently renting a furnished apartment or house, you’ll need to fork out a significant sum to avoid sitting and sleeping on the floor. Beds, sofas, carpets, white goods and curtains can cost far more than you might imagine. If the house was furnished when you viewed it, be sure to check with your solicitor what will remain once contracts have been exchanged. If it’s not listed in the contract, it’s not likely to still be there when you move in.
There are 3 types of insurance associated with taking out a mortgage and moving into your new home:
You must take out building insurance when you take out a mortgage. This covers the external and fixed aspects of your property - such as the walls, the roof, ceilings, floors, doors and windows. A standard building insurance policy will cover repair, replacement or rebuild of any of these items in the event of a fire, lightning strike, flood, gas explosion, etc.
If you’re buying a leasehold-only property, this insurance may already be covered by the monthly or annual maintenance fee. However, if you’re buying the freehold, you’ll likely need to arrange your building insurance; this will need to be in place before you exchange contracts.
Unlike buildings insurance, contents insurance isn’t mandatory. Contents insurance covers all your possessions in case of theft or damage caused by a fire, flood, explosion, lightning or an earthquake. Possessions refer to items such as furniture, white goods and other electrical items, jewellery, money and clothes. It may also cover fixtures, such as carpets and curtains.
If you're planning to take out contents insurance, you should be careful to calculate the total value of your belongings so that the maximum level of cover will be sufficient to replace stolen or damaged items. It's surprisingly common for policyholders to underestimate the total value of all their possessions.
It's a good idea to go from room to room, making a full inventory of all your possessions, including whatever is in the attic and the garden shed.
When discussing with your mortgage adviser, they are likely to bring up the benefits of protection insurance. This protects homeowners against the adverse consequence of death, critical illness or loss of income. Although it’s an additional cost, it ultimately protects you and your family from the risk of losing your home, should the worst happen.
Life insurance is one form of protection insurance and will pay out a tax-free lump sum to your dependents in the event of your death. Critical illness insurance will also pay out a tax-free sum should you be diagnosed with a listed critical illness. Family Income Benefit is similar to life insurance, except that instead of a lump sum, a regular tax-free income is paid to your dependents in the event of your death. Finally, income protection insurance pays out a monthly income to partially cover your salary in the event of an accident or an illness that prevents you from working and maintaining a salary.
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